Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), also known as sexually transmitted infections (STIs), are infections that are spread through sexual contact, including vaginal, anal, and oral sex. STDs can be caused by bacteria, viruses, parasites, and other organisms.
Some common STDs include:
Chlamydia: A bacterial infection that often has no symptoms, but can cause pain during sex, discharge, and burning during urination.
Gonorrhea: Another bacterial infection that can cause symptoms similar to chlamydia, including discharge, pain during sex, and burning during urination.
Syphilis: A bacterial infection that can cause a range of symptoms, including sores, rashes, fever, and fatigue.
Genital herpes: A viral infection that causes sores on or around the genitals or mouth. It can be spread even when there are no visible symptoms.
Human papillomavirus (HPV): A viral infection that can cause genital warts and increase the risk of certain cancers.
HIV/AIDS: A viral infection that attacks the immune system. It can lead to a range of serious health problems if left untreated.
Other less common STDs include trichomoniasis, pubic lice (crabs), and scabies.
The best way to prevent STDs is to practice safe sex, including using condoms and getting tested regularly. Many STDs can be easily treated with antibiotics, but some, like genital herpes and HIV, cannot be cured. It is important to get tested and treated for STDs to prevent further spread and potential health complications.